The Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China, in the spirit of relations of comprehensive partnership and strategic cooperation that are entering a new era, and based on a common vision of the current international situation and key problems, urge the international community to promote cooperation, deepen understanding, stand up against new challenges and threats by collective efforts and facilitate global political stability and global economic recovery.
The sides have declared the following:
1. The modern world is undergoing a stage of deep transformation. The turbulence is growing stronger, and a blow has been dealt to economic globalisation and the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The coronavirus epidemic has become the most serious global peacetime challenge.
The sides express their deep concern over the spread of false and inaccurate information against the backdrop of the novel coronavirus pandemic. It threatens the health and wellbeing of people, public safety, stability and order, and prevents nations from learning more about each other. In this context, Russia and China urge the governments of states, public organisations, the media and business circles to promote cooperation and jointly resist false information. Disseminated information and assessments must be based on facts and rule out interference in the internal affairs of other countries and unjustified attacks on their political systems and development paths.
The sides again declare their firm support for the World Health Organisation (WHO) and its coordinating role in international efforts to counter epidemics, and support the deepening of international cooperation in this area and the accelerated development of medications and vaccines. They urge all countries to stop politicising the pandemic and pool efforts in order to overcome the coronavirus infection, jointly respond to various challenges and threats, and speed up the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
2. This year marks the 75th anniversary of the end of World War II, the greatest tragedy in human history that claimed tens of millions of lives. The Soviet Union and China were hit the hardest by Nazism and militarism and bore the brunt of the burden of resisting the aggressors. At the price of enormous human losses, they stopped, routed and destroyed the occupiers, displaying unparalleled self-sacrifice and patriotism in this struggle. The new generations are deeply indebted to those who gave up their lives for the sake of freedom and independence, and the triumph of good, justice and humanity. Entering a new era, the current Russia-China relations of comprehensive partnership and strategic cooperation have a powerful, positive feature of true comradeship developed on the battlefields of World War II. It is a sacred duty of all humanity to preserve the historical truth about that war. Russia and China will jointly counter all attempts to falsify history, glorify the Nazis, militarists and their accomplices, and tarnish the victors. Our countries will not allow anyone to revise the results of World War II, which are fixed in the UN Charter and other international documents.
3. In the year of the 75th anniversary of the end of WWII and the establishment of the United Nations Organisation, Russia and China, as permanent members of the UN Security Council, reiterate their firm commitment to the principles of multilateralism; support the idea to hold a series of high-level meetings timed to coincide with the 75th anniversary of founding the UN and the 75th anniversary of the end of WWII; call on the international community to jointly uphold the system of international relations, in which the UN plays a central role, and the international order based on the principles of international law; and reaffirm the positions outlined in the Declaration of the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China on increasing the role of international law dated June 25, 2016. China supports Russia's initiative to convene a meeting of the heads of state of permanent members of the UN Security Council. Russia and China will continue to resolutely uphold the goals and principles of the UN Charter, in particular, the principles of sovereign equality and non-interference in other states' internal affairs and to protect global peace and stability. The parties stand for justice in international affairs and reforming and improving the global governance system. They strongly reject unilateral actions and protectionism, the policy of force and bullying with regard to other states, and unilateral sanctions that are not supported by international legal foundations, as well as the extraterritorial application of national legislation.
4. We are facing major challenges in the field of international security, of which the UN Security Council is in charge. Outdated Cold War-era thinking, pitting major powers against each other, and the desire to ensure one's own security at the expense of the security of other states seriously undermine the basic principles of international relations, global and regional strategic stability and security. The parties note the importance of maintaining constructive interaction between major powers in order to resolve global strategic problems on an equal basis in the spirit of mutual respect. As permanent members of the UN Security Council and nuclear states, the parties play a special role in ensuring global strategic stability and will continue to deepen strategic mutual trust, to build up strategic interaction, and to jointly maintain global and regional strategic stability, in the spirit of the Joint Statement of the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China on strengthening global strategic stability in the modern era, signed on June 5, 2019.
Russia and China call on all the states participating in treaties and agreements on arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation to comply with all provisions of these treaties and agreements in full and to strictly follow the dispute resolution procedures outlined in them.
5. The sides will continue developing cooperation on promoting and protecting human rights and advancing the equal treatment of all categories of human rights in the UN human rights agencies. They will enhance their efforts in the areas to which the developing nations pay special attention: exercise of economic, social and cultural rights and the right to development. They are against politicising the international human rights agenda and using human rights issues as a pretext for interfering in the internal affairs of sovereign states.
6. The sides urge the international community to pool efforts in countering all forms and manifestations of terrorism and extremism. They consistently pursue a comprehensive policy on this issue, eliminating both the reasons and consequences of the problem and facilitating the formation of a united global anti-terrorism front, with the UN playing the central role. They prevent linking terrorism and extremism to specific states or religions, nationalities or civilisations, and oppose the use of double standards in anti-terrorism activities.
7. The sides urge the international community to pool efforts in countering the use of ICT for purposes incompatible with maintaining international and regional peace, security and stability. They oppose criminal and other terrorist activities involving the use of ICT. The sides stand for preventing interstate conflicts that may be triggered by the illegal use of ICT and again declare the UN's key role in countering the threats to international information security. In this context, they express support for the UN activities to elaborate the rules, norms and principles of the responsible conduct of states in the information space. They welcome the timely formation of the UN-sponsored first negotiating mechanism on this issue in line with UN General Assembly Resolution 73/27, in which all states can take part, notably, the open-ended working group on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security. They also urge all states to take a constructive part in the work of the special intergovernmental committee of experts established under UN General Assembly Resolution 74/247 and emphasise the need to draw up, as soon as possible, a UN convention on countering the use of ICT for criminal purposes.
They also underscore common positions on internet governance, including the importance of ensuring equal rights of states to govern the global network, and emphasise the need to enhance the role of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in this context. The sides agreed to continue promoting bilateral cooperation based on the Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China on cooperation in ensuring international information security of May 8, 2015.
8. The parties are aware of the digital economy's comprehensive impact
on the socioeconomic development of the countries of the world and the global governance system. They believe that the safekeeping of the digital data affects national security, public interests and individual rights in each state, and call on all the countries to push, on the principles of universal participation, for drafting global rules governing the security of digital data that reflect the aspirations of all states and are based on respect for the interests of all stakeholders. Russia took note of the Global Initiative on Data Security advanced by China and welcomes China's efforts to improve global digital data security. The parties express their intention to build up cooperation in international information security both in a bilateral format and within the UN, BRICS, the SCO, ARF and other global and regional multilateral platforms.
The parties recognise the significant potential for developing digital economy, especially during the pandemic, and call on the international community to follow development trends, to encourage new methods of economic management, new production sites, new development models, and to jointly form an open, fair, just and non-discriminatory environment for developing and using information technology, to pay attention to data security and cross-border flows, and to support global supply chains for information products and services.
9. The Parties are making every effort to maintain the leading role of the World Trade Organisation in trade liberalisation and coordination when drafting global trade rules and supporting the multilateral trading system, of which the WTO is the cornerstone. They call on the international community to improve coordination in macroeconomic policy, protect security and stability of global value chains, to encourage greater openness, inclusiveness, shared prosperity, balance and common benefit of economic globalisation, and to contribute to early recovery of the global economy.
10. The parties rate highly cooperation on topical regional issues, including those linked with Iran, Afghanistan, Syria and the Korean Peninsula. They emphasise that dialogue is the only effective way of resolving problems and are willing to continue taking part, on the basis of consensus, in multilateral consultations and dialogue platforms and facilitate the settlement of problems by political and diplomatic means.
11. Russia and China will continue their line of aligning plans for the development of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) and the implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative, contributing to the strengthening of regional connectivity and economic development in Eurasia. The parties reaffirm their commitment to parallel and coordinated promotion of the Greater Eurasian Partnership and the Belt and Road Initiative.
12. China enthusiastically supports the work carried out by Russia during its chairmanship of BRICS and the SCO, and will actively help Russia prepare a meeting of the BRICS heads of state and a meeting of the SCO Heads of State Council this year. The sides will continue strengthening contacts and coordination within the G20, APEC and other multilateral mechanisms with a view to enhancing their constructive role.