Information Bulletin of the BRICS Trade Union Forum
Issue 24.2017
2017.06.05 — 2017.06.11
International relations
Foreign policy in the context of BRICS
Russia says BRICS states need embracing security measures to switch to digital economy (Россия заявляет, что БРИКС должны принять меры безопасности для перехода на цифровую экономику) / Russia, June, 2017
Keywords: cybersecurity

Russia says BRICS states need embracing security measures to switch to digital economy

Recent experience demonstrates the vulnerability of the digital medium to global threats

KHANTY-MANSIYSK, June 6. /TASS/. The BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) grouping of the world's leading emerging market countries need to implement comprehensive security measures to switch over to a digital economy, a senior Russian Interior Ministry official said on Tuesday.

"The problems of crime are inherent in all countries of the world, including BRICS countries. The transition to a digital economy should, of course, be accompanied by the provision of all-embracing security measures, Alexei Moshkov, head of the Russian Interior Ministry's K Department, said at the 9th international IT-forum in Khanty-Mansiysk in West Siberia.

The experience of recent years demonstrates the vulnerability of the digital medium to global threats, Moshkov said.

This primarily relates to targeted attacks on credit and financial institutions or the threats related to the spread of malware, he noted.

"Perpetrators assimilate advanced technologies quickly and effectively, develop complex criminal schemes and use imperfections of electronic services to search for new methods of obtaining criminal incomes," he stressed.

BRICS reaffirm commitment to energy efficiency (BRICS подтверждают приверженность энергоэффективности) / France, June, 2017
Keywords: IPEEC, event, energy

BRICS countries this week renewed their commitment to progress energy efficiency, conserve resources and tackle climate change at the second meeting of the BRICS Working Group on Energy Saving and Improvement of Energy Efficiency. Held in Beijing, China, under China's 2017 Presidency of the BRICS Summit, the event represented an important step in facilitating cooperation on energy efficiency between BRICS countries, which was set out in the "Memorandum on Mutual Understanding in Energy Saving and Governmental Agencies of BRICS Responsible for Energy and Energy Efficiency" and the "Joint Statement on Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency amongst BRICS Countries", previously agreed to by members.

Vice-Minister Yong Zhang of China's National Development and Reform Commission and Vice-Minister Anton Inyutsyn of Russia's Ministry of Energy called on BRICS countries to play a leading role in improving energy efficiency and designing a better, energy efficient future in a collaborative manner. Discussions also centred round energy efficiency policies, key energy efficiency collaboration projects, best energy efficient technologies and practices, and energy saving and energy efficiency databases.

The BRICS – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – are all members of the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency (IPEEC).
China: BRICS parties should work together and lead (Китай: Страны БРИКС должны работать вместе и лидировать) / China, June, 2017
Keywords: event, speech

A Chinese minister appealed for cooperation and strategic communications during an address to a BRICS political parties' forum in Fuzhou, Fujian Province, on Saturday.

In his keynote speech, Song Tao, minister of the International Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, said political parties of the BRICS countries should exhibit their advantages in dealing with domestic and foreign issues and perform well their political guiding role and influence.

It was the first time for representatives from political parties of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) countries to sit down and exchange views in a forum specifically designed by China, which will chair the Ninth BRICS Summit in Xiamen, Fujian Province, in September.

The political party represented the core of decision-making and the main source of policies in most of countries in the world, so its advocacy and decisions not only affected a country's policies, but also influenced a region's peace and prosperity, he said, urging in-depth communications among the governing parties of BRICS members and learning from one another.

"BRICS parties can have strategic communication in top level design for [our] cooperation, which will enhance mutual understanding and trust, and help the five countries to work together with the same faith and direction to push cooperation to a new level."

The minister hoped BRICS parties could look beyond self-interest and protectionism so as to guide people to see the real developmental trends of the world while designing and pushing forward BRICS cooperation at a higher place in a community of shared future for mankind.

He also believed the parties, as the representatives of billions of people, could boost and guide public opinions on BRICS cooperation and enhance peoples' communication through party-level dialogue. At the same time, political parties should carry forward cooperation in a pragmatic way and turn thoughts into actions with higher cooperative efficiency, which would drive governments, enterprises and social organizations to actively participate in promoting BRICS.

"President Xi Jinping once said about BRICS cooperation, 'Our efforts today relate to the welfare of three billion people in the BRICS countries and also relate to the prospect and future of the whole world and the entire human race,'" Song said, "As political parties, we should stand at the highest level, and mastermind and guide BRICS cooperation with vision based on our historic responsibilities. The Communist Party of China would love to make contribution to this aspect and expects to work with parties of other countries to better develop the BRICS family."

The BRICS Political Parties, Think-Tanks and Civil Society Organization Forum is being held from Saturday to Monday under the theme of "Pooling Wisdom and Strength for Common Development and A Brighter Future."

Representatives will discuss ways to cement cooperation, aiming to build consensus and boost stronger BRICS cooperation through in-depth exchanges, to offer proposals and create a sound environment for the 9th BRICS Summit.

The event has drawn over 400 participants from BRICS and other developing countries. It is hosted by the International Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

SCO summit highlights potential for expanded cooperation (Саммит ШОС подчеркивает потенциал для расширения сотрудничества) / China, June, 2017
Keywords: SCO, event, Russia_China, India_China

Expanded economic cooperation among members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) will benefit the region, according to remarks made at the organization's yearly summit.

Speaking at the annual summit of the SCO in Astana, Kazakhstan, Chinese President Xi Jinping called for deepening practical cooperation, as regional integration and economic globalization are the trends of the time, and it is important for them to bring benefits to all countries and peoples.

To mobilize more resources and driving force for practical cooperation under the SCO framework, China supports the establishment of a mechanism for sub-national cooperation and has vigorously promoted SME (small and medium-sized enterprises) cooperation by its initiatives of economic think-tanks alliance and e-commerce alliance of the SCO, Xi said.

Bilateral trade relations have grown closer between China and other SCO member countries, as trade facilitation has improved, with China becoming the largest trading partner of Russia and Kyrgyzstan.

Meanwhile, mutual investment has grown steadily, with China's non-financial direct investment in other SCO members as of April 2017 amounting to 74.2 billion U.S. dollars and investment in the opposite direction totaling 1.09 billion U.S. dollars, according to Zhong Shan, minister of commerce.

Zhong highlighted achievements in establishing economic and trade cooperation zones, noting that China has built a total of 21 such cooperation zones within other SCO countries, helping to expand local employment and increase tax revenue.

The potential for deeper and more expansive SCO economic cooperation remains huge as regional cooperation starts to expand from project development to synergy in economic strategy, especially over the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative.

Belt and Road cooperation is aimed at building an infrastructure and trade network to improve the interconnectivity of Asia, Africa and Europe along and beyond the ancient Silk Road trade routes.

China and other parties are exploring ways to coordinate the Belt and Road Initiative with regional cooperation initiatives such as the Eurasian Economic Union and national development strategies, including Kazakhstan's "Nurly Zhol" strategy.

The inclusion of India and Pakistan in the SCO expanded room for development of the Belt and Road Initiative in the region, whose GDP volume accounts for about one fifth of the global total.

In addition to enhanced transport connectivity, an SCO trade facilitation agreement will be an ideal first step to deepen regional economic cooperation.

The SCO will see its total GDP increase by 98.8 billion U.S. dollars if member countries exempt import tax, according to a report released by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Exports would increase 20 billion U.S. dollars while imports would grow 19.8 billion U.S. dollars in the region if member countries cut customs clearance time by 25 percent, benefiting all member countries, especially Central Asian nations and Pakistan, the report added.

Last month, the Ministry of Commerce and more than 80 international organizations and government agencies from other countries jointly launched the Initiative on Promoting Unimpeded Trade Cooperation along the Belt and Road during the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing.

"We are willing to work with other SCO countries to implement the initiative to expand regional trade and investment, facilitate market integration and benefit local people," Zhong added.

Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov's remarks and answers to questions at Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal State University, Kaliningrad, June 6, 2017 (Выступление и ответы на вопросы Министра иностранных дел России С.В.Лаврова в Балтийском федеральном государственном университете им. И.Канта, Калининград, 6 июня 2017 года) / Russia, June, 2017
Keywords: Official_visit, Russia_world, SCO

Mr Alikhanov,

Mr Klemeshev,



I am sincerely glad to have an opportunity to revisit Baltic Federal University whose history is marked by many outstanding events and glorious names. Based on its rich traditions, the university, which, as I understand, is celebrating its 70th anniversary this year, keeps abreast of the times and has by right gained a reputation as one of the leading higher educational centres in Russia that trains highly skilled specialists. We appreciate your efforts to expand international cooperation by facilitating humanitarian ties with your foreign partners whose number exceeds one hundred, today. In the final analysis, you are working to maintain friendship and trust in the international arena. We will continue to provide any support we can to your initiatives in this regard.

I am recalling with warmth the hospitable reception that was given to me and the foreign ministers of Germany and Poland six years ago in May 2011 during our tripartite meeting. Back then we said that our three countries were not indifferent to the future of our continent and its harmonious, stable, safe and progressive development